Report from the Turtle Protection Team in 2017/2018

This year we had a great season. Leatherbacks reappeared in good numbers, and the wildlife department intervened to support us for the first time in many years. Their support made a considerable difference and saved the lives of many turtles.

This year we came into contact with 93 turtles. This is so much better than the 57 turtles we encountered last year.

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From September to November we had our normal problem of half the turtles appearing on the beach to lay their eggs being killed. In early December the Ghanaian government declared war on all people who kill turtles. Our local wildlife officer, Karim, came to join the turtle team and cautioned everyone locally who is know to be killing turtles. He advised them that if they killed turtles again they would be prosecuted and face up to 10 years in prison.

This had an immediate effect so that the death rates dropped dramatically. I will continue to work with Karim and the wildlife department to encourage them to continue their work locally.

These are the season’s results:

Olive Ridley

19 turtles protected

12 known to be killed

Leatherback

47 protected

14 known to be killed

Hawksbill

1 protected (this is the first time this species of turtle has appeared on the coast).

We protected and hid a number of nests, and relocated and protected several hundred eggs. We numbers of baby turtles hatch and we made sure these got into the sea. 12799260_1158667147486402_3459150704344385969_n

This year we found that some of the turtles that were dead seemed to have died from eating plastic.

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Turtle Protection Team Dzita Results September 2016, January to February 2017

Summary for the Season

Total number of turtles located over the season = 57

Olive Ridley protected and returned to the sea = 35

Olive Ridley killed = 12

Leatherbacks protected and returned to the sea  = 4

Leatherbacks killed = 6

As you can see there are still numbers of turtles being killed and eaten by local people, despite efforts to educate them as to the consequences of this. The number of turtles found is now about half what it was 3+ years ago.

While overall figures are much the same as last year, there has been a significant fall in the number of nesting leatherbacks. This may be because the Volta river has changed the direction of its release into the sea (as happens quite often) and so now it is pushing the heavier leatherbacks further down the coast.

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Details by Month.

September

Some reports of killings in June and July. Lots of reports of sightings in August. As hatchings in September, clearly turtles laying in months before.

 

15 Olive Ridley turtles protected.

4 Olive Ridley turtles found killed.

 

October

3 Olive Ridley turtles protected.

2 Olive Ridley turtles found killed.

100 Olive Ridley hatchings escorted to the sea.

140 eggs laid and removed to safety. Numerous nests which the team erased signs of so that they were not disturbed.

 

November

 

3 Olive Ridley turtles protected.

4 Olive Ridley turtles found killed.

2 Leatherback turtles protected.

5 leatherback turtles killed.

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Big education and awareness gathering by Environmental Justice Foundation     (Peter) to raise levels of awareness locally around turtle protection. Despite this we are very sad to see so many Leatherbacks killed.

 

December

3 Olive Ridley turtles protected.

2 Olive Ridley turtles found killed.

2 Leatherback turtles protected.

1 leatherback turtles killed.

The turtle team are feeling under great pressure from the local population who are suffering hardship from very low fish catches. They think this has been  caused by illegal Chinese ships taking all fish from the sea just off the coast.

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January

7 Olive Ridley protected.

207 eggs recovered and moved to a safe hatching area.

It appears that the mouth of the Volta river has changed direction and is creating a current that pushes the heavier leatherbacks further along the coast to Agitechi and to Anloga. We are getting reports of much higher numbers of leatherbacks coming out to nest along this stretch of the coast. There is no turtle protection team operating in that area and these leatherbacks are extremely vulnerable to being killed.

 

February

4 Olive Ridley protected.

232 eggs recovered and moved to the safe hatching area.

Substantial numbers of baby turtles hatched and taken to the sea.

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Report from The Turtle Protection Team for The Egg Laying Season 2015 to 2016

Here are the results for our Turtle Protection season that ran from October 2015 to March 2016 inclusive.

The turtle protection team patrols an area covering 10 km of beach close to the villages of Dzita and Dzita Agdbledomi in the Volta Region of Ghana where Meet Me There African Home lodge is located. The team was make up of one co-ordinator, two team leaders, and 7 turtle guards.

The team patrols at night when the turtles emerge from the sea and climb onto the beach to lay their eggs. The team knows when the turtles will come ashore, times mostly dictated by the tides, and by the light of the moon.

Once the turtles have laid their eggs the team ensure that they get safely back to the sea. They then dig up the eggs and carefully relocate them to a safe stretch of beach close to Meet Me There. If there are no local people around we cover all traces of the nest, and all turtle tracks and leave the eggs to hatch. If we move the eggs to the safe beach in front of Meet Me there we then keep an eye on the nests and make sure the newly hatched turtles reach the sea.

Each turtle lays up to 150 eggs at a time.

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Leatherback turtles are critically endangered.

The World Wildlife Fund reports that “the leatherback turtle has survived for more than a hundred million years, but is now facing extinction. Recent estimates of numbers show that this species is declining precipitously throughout its range”.

I believe that this project can have a considerable impact on turtle numbers.

For me if this species became extinct it would be an absolute tragedy for us all.

 

Olive Ridley turtles are listed as vulnerable.

The name for this sea turtle is tied to the colour of its shell—an olive green hue. They are the smallest of the sea turtles and currently the most abundant. Their vulnerable status comes from the fact that they nest in a very small number of places, and therefore any disturbance to even one nest beach could have huge repercussions on the entire population.

On the beach we protect we know that large numbers of Olive Ridley are poached off the beach ( they are small enough to carry ) and taken alive to local markets where they are sold, killed and eaten.

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Season Results 2015 and 2016

 

Total turtles found = 56

 

Leatherback alive = 31

Leatherback killed =8

 

Olive Ridley alive =5

Olive Ridley killed =12

 

Eggs moved to safe hatching location and protected = 510

Eggs hidden and left where laid = estimated 1700

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Results from 2004 to 2016

 

Since 2004 we have protected over 1000 nesting turtles, and have protected several thousand eggs.

 

Successes

 

  • This effort is funded by the kind and generous support of a good friend. This has made a huge difference to us as now I can guarantee that I will be able to run the program without the very difficult scramble for funds that I have had to make in previous years. This has stabilised the program so that we can start the season confident and well prepared. The program provides well paid work for 10 local men who are very grateful for this work in an area where, apart from Meet Me There and Dream Big Ghana, there is no work.
  • This year we had enough funds to work constructively with those in the local community who oppose our efforts. In the past a number of local men would poach the nesting turtles. They kill them and make turtle stew which they sell locally (this is totally illegal in Ghana, and if caught offenders face a 10 year prison sentence. Sadly the wildlife officers do not bother to enforce this ban). As you can imagine, they have not been happy with our efforts to protect these endangered animals. This year we have been able to pay a release fee to free any turtles that have been caught. We have also implemented a policy of visiting known poachers and buttering them up ( taking them out for a drink, etc ). We applied this policy from October onwards and it led to a steep decline in turtle killings.

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Challenges

 

  1. For the first time since we began protecting the turtles we have seen a significant decline in their numbers. In previous years we saw between 100 and 120 turtles a year. This year we recorded 56. Apart from the factors listed below we have little idea why this has happened. We are however seeing numbers of dead turtles which have died before they reach the beach. We think that these have become trapped in the nets of the illegal fishing vessels which pillage the fish along the coast of West Africa and cast overboard when the nets are pulled in.
  2. The pattern of turtle arrivals changed significantly this year. In the past they only started arriving in October. There may have been 1 or 2 in September. This year a large number arrived in September. Our protection team was not in action, and so these were mostly killed. We do not know the exact number. From now on we will start the protection season on the 1st September, and will not patrol in March as no turtles arrived in this month.
  3. Olive Ridley. Because these turtles are smaller than the leather back’s they can be carried off the beach. We are hearing of large numbers being taken live off the beach and sold in markets inland. This must cause considerable suffering to these animals. We are finding that it is very difficult to prevent this. This year we protected even less Olive Ridley than in previous years.
  4. We only have the funds to patrol a 10km stretch of the beach, but know that all the turtles are still being killed on stretches of coast that we do not patrol. If we could patrol a further 20 km of the coast that lies adjacent to our current 10km section we could protect a lot more turtles.

Turtle Protection Results October, November, December 2015

The turtle protection team have had a difficult first half of this laying season. We have no volunteers from ‘outside’ this year and their absence has made a significant difference as the local community seem to have taken this as a bit of a license to revert to their former practice of killing the turtles. The protection teams have encountered a certain level of hostility from people who want to kill and eat the animals.

In the three months so far we have seen 63 turtles. We have managed to protect 48 of them, and sadly 15 were killed. We do have some great news this season. We have relocated 1023 eggs to a protected hatching site. Despite current losses this gives me some hope for the future.

You may have seen the article in USA Today :
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http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2015/01/02/globalpost-species-near-extinction/21182221/
13 species we might have to say goodbye to in 2015
4. LEATHERBACK TURTLE

As you can see the leatherback is listed at number 4.
I have also become very concerned this year at the terrible killing of huge numbers of rhino and elephant across the whole of Africa. As well as this, a number of recent reports show that the world has destroyed half of all wildlife in the last 40 years :
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/sep/29/earth-lost-50-wildlife-in-40-years-wwf
Pictures like this :
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leave me full of sadness and feelings of despair. This brutality is matched by the treatment of the turtles we are trying to protect.
Personally, I feel responsible for what is happening to these animals, and I feel it is my duty to try and do all I can to try and protect them. I will be trying to protect the animal kingdom for the rest of my life. For me it is not OK to sit to one side and watch this happen. I have a duty of care, not just to these animals, but to my grandchildren, and to yours, a duty not to leave their world utterly impoverished, destroyed by greed and ignorance.

From Hugh Newton

Results in Detail

October
Leatherback 2
Olive Ridley 9 ( and 2 dead )
Eggs protected 186

November
Leatherback 2
Olive Ridley 16 ( and 7 dead )
Eggs protected 346

December
Leatherback 13 ( and 5 killed )
Olive Ridley 6 ( and 1 dead )
Eggs protected 491

Report from The Turtle Protection Team for The Egg Laying Season 2013 to 2014

These are the results for the turtle laying season in the Volta Region of Ghana. The area patrolled covered about 10 km of beach along the coast, close to the villages of Dzita and Dzita Agdbledomi where Meet Me There African Home lodge is located.

This year I was able to raise enough money to employ a team of 10 local people. The funds were very kindly donated, mostly by friends, but also by the British Chelonia Group which Donated £250. The team was make up of one co-ordinator, two team leaders, and 7 turtle guards.P1010267

The team patrols at night when the turtles climb onto the beach to lay their eggs. They know when the turtles will come ashore, times mostly dictated by the tides, and the light of the moon.

Once the turtles have laid their eggs the team ensure that they get safely back to the sea. They then dig up the eggs and carefully relocate them to a safe stretch of beach close to Meet Me There. If the eggs were not relocated they would be dug up by dogs, and by local people. We then keep an eye on the eggs and make sure the newly hatched turtles reach the sea.

P1010259Each turtle lays up to 100 eggs at a time. Leatherback turtles are critically endangered.

The World Wildlife Fund reports that ‘the leatherback turtle has survived for more than a hundred million years, but is now facing extinction. Recent estimates of numbers show that this species is declining precipitously throughout its range’.

I believe that this project can have a considerable impact on turtle numbers. For me if this species became extinct it would be an absolute tragedy for us all.

Season Results

Total turtles found = 120

Leatherback alive = 63

Leatherback killed =19

Olive Ridley alive =31

Olive Ridley killed =7

Monthly Spend

Turtle protection Team of 10

Wages : – £ 330

Equipment, batteries for torches, phone credit = £70

Total Spend per Month : £400

Months spent patrolling : October to End of March = 6 times £400 = £ 2,400